263608 Dietary habits and living arrangements in adults with intellectual disabilities

Wednesday, October 31, 2012 : 9:29 AM - 9:47 AM

Kelly Hsieh, PhD , Department of Disability and Human Development, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL
Sumithra Murthy, MBBS, MPH , Department of Disability and Human Development, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL
James Rimmer, PhD , School of Health Professions, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL
Introduction. Limited research exists regarding the impact of living arrangements on dietary habits in adults with intellectual disabilities (ID). This study examined dietary habits for adults with ID in comparison with the general population and explored the differences across various living arrangements. Methods. Data collection (N=1620) was conducted using a mixed-mode approach (paper/ web questionnaire). Data analyses were employed using baseline data from an ongoing 4-year Longitudinal Health and Intellectual Disability study. Results. Only 8.2% of adults with ID reported having adequate daily intake of fruits and vegetables (≥5 servings), as compared with 23.5% of the general population (BRFSS, 2009). About 28% of participants consumed foods high in cholesterol/fat (≥3 servings per day); 5.1% dined in fast food restaurants (≥3 times per week); 46.2% indulged in unhealthy snacking (e.g., potato chips, corn chips, pretzels) at least once a day; and 13.1% drank at least two cans of non-diet soda per day. Adults with ID who lived independently or with family were more likely to have an inadequate daily intake of fruits and vegetables (55.3%, 55.5% vs. 34.7%, p <0.001), drink more soda (16.9%, 13.7% vs. 6.5%, p=0.001), and dine in fast food restaurants (5.9%, 6.1% vs. 1.4%, p=0.02) as compared to those who lived in a group/foster home. Conclusion. Programs promoting health by targeting healthy dietary habits and choices are needed to improve quality of life in adults with ID, especially those who live independently or with family.

Learning Areas:
Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related education
Public health or related public policy

Learning Objectives:
Learning objectives: 1. Identify healthy and risky dietary factors in adults with intellectual disabilities. 2. Differentiate the dietary habits of adults with ID by living arrangements.

Keywords: Dietary Assessment, Disability Studies

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am the Project Coordinator for two research projects focusing on investigating the long term impact of health behaviors on health outcomes and falls prevention for adults with intellectual disabilities. With a background in medicine and public health, I also have been involved in the statistical analysis with the current research projects and prepared reports.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.