268246 Training Undergraduate Nursing Students in the Prevention of Patient Alcohol and Other Drug Use/Misuse

Monday, October 29, 2012

Holly Hagle, PhD , Institute for Research, Education and Training in Addictions, Pittsburgh, PA
Kathy Puskar, DrPH, RN, FAAN , School of Nursing, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh
Ann M. Mitchell, PhD, RN, FAAN , School of Nursing, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA
Heather Gotham, PhD , Mid-America Addiction Technology Transfer Center, Institute for Human, University of Missouri-Kansas City, Kansas City, MO
Lauren Terhorst, PhD , School of Nursing, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA
Kimberly Talcott, MPA , School of Nursing, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA
Eric Hulsey, DrPH , Ireta, Independent Consultant, Pittsburgh, PA
Betty Braxter, PhD , School of Nursing, Department of Health Promotion and Development, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA
Marie Fioravanti, MSN , School of Nursing, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA
Gail R. Woomer Woomer, MN Maternal/Child Nursing , School of Nursing, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA
Background and Issues: In the USA, drug and alcohol abuse is responsible for over $600 billion in health, productivity, and crime-related costs. Nurses need specific knowledge and skills to address the estimated 23.1 million persons aged 12 or older who need treatment for an alcohol and/or other drug (AOD) related problem. Description: An innovative educational program to prepare pre-professional nurses to address the public health issue of substance use was integrated into the undergraduate nursing curriculum. This curriculum enhancement was conducted through academic-community collaboration between a University School of Nursing and Non-Profit Addictions Training Institute. This collaboration produced a partnership between multidisciplinary professionals (nursing, public health, psychology and education) infusing an evidenced-based practice (EBP) into pre-professional nursing education. Lessons Learned: As a result of this project, over 300 nursing students were trained in a screening and brief intervention practice for prevention of AOD use across the lifespan. This educational strategy strengthened the nursing workforce, increasing nurses' preparedness to address patient AOD issues (role adequacy) and increasing nursing students' feelings of responsibility to intervene with patients (role legitimacy). Nursing students can address AOD issues in the context of the patient's presenting health condition. Recommendations: The results of this project recommend the incorporation of SBIRT training at the pre-professional level to prepare nursing students to work with patients on AOD issues prior to entering the workforce. Trained nurses will help to prevent escalation of AOD issues and promote wellness across the lifespan.

Learning Areas:
Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Describe an innovative educational curriculum which infused an EBP into pre-professional nursing students course work. Identify the core components of integrating SBIRT into pre-professional nursing curriculum. Explain the results of nursing students perceptions of working with individuals who may use, misuse or are dependent on alcohol or other drugs.

Keywords: Alcohol Use, Evidence Based Practice

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified because I have conducted HRSA funded research on Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment research since 2006 at the University of Pittsburgh School Of Nursing.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.