Revisiting the hispanic health paradox: The relative contributions of nativity, country of origin, and race/ethnicity to childhood asthma
Background: Asthma is one of the most prevalent chronic conditions affecting children in the United States today, with significant heterogeneity documented between racial/ethnic groups and within Hispanic subgroups. This study examined the relative contributions of Hispanic ethnicity, maternal and child nativity, and country of origin to lifetime asthma diagnosis among children living in Los Angeles neighborhoods. Methods: Multilevel models were estimated among a sample of non-Hispanic white and white children (n=2,558) interviewed within wave 1 of the Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey (2000 to 2002). Mothers reported information regarding children's physician diagnosed asthma, child's race/ethnicity and gender, maternal and child country of origin, socioeconomic status, and maternal history of asthma and smoking. Results: Lifetime asthma prevalence was reported among 9% of children within the sample. Odds of reporting lifetime asthma among children did not differ between Hispanics and non-Hispanic Whites overall; however substantial heterogeneity was found within Hispanic subgroups. Hispanic children of non-Mexican origin reported higher odds of asthma compared to non-Hispanic white children, which persisted after controlling for all covariates. A protective nativity effect was also observed among children of foreign born mothers compared to US born mothers. Conclusion: Our study provides evidence in support of the heterogeneity of childhood asthma across Hispanic ethnic groups and child and maternal nativity, prompting future research to reconsider the use of the term Hispanic Health paradox. Future studies should further examine the effects of nativity within diverse racial/ethnic groups, with a particular focus on multilevel strategies and multifactorial approaches.
Public health or related research
Compare overall differences in lifetime asthma diagnosis among a sample of Hispanic and non-Hispanic white children in Los Angeles.
Identify potential heterogeneity in asthma outcomes between Hispanic subgroups.
Evaluate the relative contributions of (and potential interactions between) maternal and child nativity, country of origin, and race/ethnicity on lifetime asthma diagnosis among children living in Los Angeles neighborhoods.
Discuss the use of the term "Hispanic Health Paradox" as it relates to childhood asthma.
Keyword(s): Asthma, Hispanic Youth
Presenting author's disclosure statement:
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have recently completed my doctoral degree in social epidemiology and have spent the past 5 years researching the role of individual, familial, and neighborhood characteristics on childhood asthma within the Los Angeles area. Among my interests has been exploring heterogeneity in childhood asthma outcomes among Hispanic subgroups.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines,
and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed
in my presentation.