Oral health and hygiene among preschool age children from migrant and seasonal farmworker families
The Niños Sanos Study is a cohort (N=248) of mothers and preschool age children from migrant and seasonal farmworker families recruited in North Carolina. Mothers reported the child's OH condition, hygiene behaviors, and professional care, as well as their beliefs about child OH in response to the Behavioral Risk Factor Questionnaire of the NIDCR Centers for Research to Reduce Disparities in Oral Health.
At interview, children averaged 44.3 ± 7.4 months. Migrant mothers rated their child's OH condition and OH-related quality-of-life significantly worse than did seasonal mothers. 87% of children had ever had teeth examined by a healthcare provider, and 83% had had fluoride varnish applied in the previous year; rates did not differ between migrant and seasonal families. Children enrolled in Head Start were more likely to have had examinations and varnish applied than those not in Head Start. Mothers exhibited high levels of knowledge of proper child oral hygiene, but rates of recommended practices were substantially lower.
Farmworker families, particularly migrants, frequently live in crowded, substandard housing and share facilities with other families. Steps to help families achieve appropriate OH practices should prioritize behaviors and problem-solve with mothers ways to best meet child OH needs in the context of farmworker living conditions.
Learning Areas:Diversity and culture
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Social and behavioral sciences
Compare the oral health status, oral health quality of life, and health care experiences of children from migrant and from seasonal farmworker families. Identify characteristics of farmworker families that may impede appropriate child oral health practices
Keyword(s): Oral Health Needs, Impacts of Managed Care
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am the PI of the research being reported. I am Professor of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest School of Medicine. I chair the Scientific Advisory Board of the NIDCR Centers for Research to Reduce Disparities in Oral Health that are focused on early childhood caries. I have conducted NIDCR-funded oral health research since 2005.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.