Online Program

Oral health status of a population of saharawi children in seville, Spain

Sunday, November 3, 2013

Laura San Martin, DDS, PhD, MDPH, School of Dentistry. Department of Stomatology, University of Seville, Seville (Spain), Spain
David Ribas, DDS, PhD, Department of Stomatology. School of Dentistry Seville, University of Seville, Seville (SPAIN)
Antonio Castaño, DMD, PhD, Department of Stomatology, University of Seville, Seville (Spain), Spain
Keyvan Sohrabi, DDS, Department of Oral Health Policy and Epidemiology, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, MA
Brian Swann, DDS, MPH, Oral Health Policy and Epidemiology, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, MA
Introduction and Objective: During the summer season a large number of children from the Western Sahara region come to Spain. They reside in certain Spanish cities and are taken care of by foster parents during these months. These children become part of the Spanish population during the season and require medical and dental treatment. We aimed to study the oral health status of sahrawi children by conducting a descriptive cross-sectional study in the province of Seville. Methods: For the development of this research, we adopted a research design which used the principles found in WHO publication "Oral Health Surveys”, the 1997 edition. We claculated DMFT, resaturation index (IR) and fluorosis index. Results: Of the 355 children living in the province of Seville, 154 patients underwent dental and oral examination. It was observed that the prevalence of caries on primary teeth of the participants was 78% and 62% on permanent teeth. The DMFT was 2.54 and IR was 0.32. Fluorosis index was found to be high, as expected. Conclusion: Children of west Sahara states have an oral health condition that can be covered by the Spanish public health system, given the fact that these children are entitled to be served by the Dental Program in Andalusia.

Learning Areas:

Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Program planning
Provision of health care to the public
Public health or related public policy
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Analyze the oral health status of a risk population in Spain

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to be an abstract Author because I am familiar on the content because I am a member of the Development Cooperation Office at the University of Seville, and I lead as Coordinator several Oral Health Programs in Morocco, Argentina, Peru and Dominican Republic.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.