Epidemiology of family meals in Ohio: Comparing families with children to adult-only families
Methods: The 2012 Ohio Medicaid Assessment Survey, a dual-frame random-digit-dial telephone survey, collects health and demographic data on Ohio's noninstitutionalized population. Trained interviewers surveyed 22,929 adults age 19 and older, including 8,589 from adult-only families and 6,260 from families with children. Respondents reported the number of days in the past week when they ate a meal with their family at home. These data support weighted, population-level estimates of family meal frequency for both family types overall and in subsamples defined by respondent age or race/ethnicity.
Results: Ohio's adult-only families eat meals together at home more often than do families with children: 51.2% (CI 49.8, 52.6) of adult-only families, compared to 47.5% (CI 45.9, 49.0) of families with children, ate a family meal 6-7 days in the past week. The subsample analysis provided evidence of effect modification by respondent age and race/ethnicity.
Discussion: Adult-only families in Ohio eat meals together regularly, supporting the inclusion of adult-only families when evaluating family meal practices. Future research should examine why family meal frequency varies by family member characteristics and if adult-only families experience different associations between family meal frequency and health.
Compare the frequency of family meals among adult-only families to the frequency among families with children.
Keyword(s): Food and Nutrition
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I completed all of the data analysis for the project and have professional and academic experience analyzing complex health survey data. My PhD dissertation focuses on family meals and I am therefore familiar with this area of research.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.