Factors that influence the oral health status of individuals with HIV/AIDS attended on specialized brazilian service
Objective: To verify factors that influence the oral health status of individuals with HIV/AIDS attended on public service of reference in Brazil. Method: It's a cross-sectional study that includes 177 individuals HIV+ that answered a questionnaire about social and demographic status, aspects related to HIV, habits, the use and satisfaction with the health service. The Oral Health Data were collected based on DMF-T Index, the use and necessity of prosthesis and Periodontal Index, according to World Health Organization's criteria, performed by a trained researcher (Kappa>0.081). Bivariate analysis and multiple logistic regression model were applied. Results: the average of DMF-T was 17.64 (±7.86). The majority of patients HIV+ showed good periodontal health (56.6%), 35.0% used some dental prosthesis, 41.5% needed upper prosthesis and 62.0%, the inferior. Multivariate analysis model pointed that the older found aged (p<0.001) and dissatisfaction with health service (p=0.010) were associated with the no use of dental prosthesis. To stop the antiretroviral therapy (p=0.050) increased the risk of people living with HIV/AIDS to show more than 3 decayed teeth. The presence of more than 9 missed teeth was associated with the follow variables: the oldest age (p<0.001), the lowest level of schooling (p=0.007) and the reason of consult to be the pain and caries (p=0.031). Conclusion: The poor oral health of PVHA was influenced mainly due social and demographic factors, aspects related to HIV, the use and satisfaction with the service.
Public health or related research
Evaluate what influences the oral health of people living with HIV/AIDS in Brazil
Keyword(s): Oral Health, HIV/AIDS
Presenting author's disclosure statement:
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been a master's degree student in a Program of Social and Preventive Dentistry and this study is part of my dissertation . Among my scientific interests has been the knowledge about living conditions, health, and impact in quality of life in people living with HIV/AIDS in Brazil
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines,
and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed
in my presentation.