Online Program

Achieving collective impact through interdisciplinary, interagency and other diverse partnerships

Wednesday, November 6, 2013

Rachel Davis, MSW, Prevention Institute, Oakland, CA

Larry Cohen, MSW, Prevention Institute, Oakland, CA
The roots of violence are complex and are represented across the socio-ecological spectrum. While law enforcement is typically the agency tasked with addressing violence, it is clear that many departments and agencies of local government have influence over the determinants of violence. This paper presents research conducted with CDC funded UNITY initiative cities to identify roles non-law enforcement agencies –i.e. public health, housing, public works, education, and transportation – can play to mitigate determinants of violence through reducing risk and enhancing resilience factors.

Employing a structured interview research method, this study investigates how sectors of local government whose primary mission is not to prevent youth violence, contribute to preventing youth violence. The research team aggregated a typical local government directory of agencies and departments into sixty-three discrete departments and agencies and then clustered these into eight sectors. Applying structured interviews as well as a review of literature, specific roles and activities that the various sectors could contribute to reducing violence were identified.

Results show that many sectors, whose stated missions do not include youth violence prevention, indeed contribute through addressing risk and enhancing resilience across socio-ecological domains. Further, violence prevention efforts' effectiveness is enhanced when opportunities for cross sector/department collaboration are enabled.

Sectors can enhance local efforts to reduce violence by understanding how they can impact broader initiatives to reduce risk and increase resilience. Moreover, the processes and structures of local youth violence prevention efforts are highly contextual given differences in leadership, partners, formality of partnerships, staffing, and funding.

Learning Areas:

Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Other professions or practice related to public health

Learning Objectives:
Describe the socio-ecological roots of violence. Discuss the role that non-law enforcement agencies and departments of local government can play in preventing violence. Explain the value of a multi-sector collaboration to prevent violence.

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I manage projects surrounding preventing violence, community health, reducing inequity and mental health. I am project director for UNITY (Urban Networks to Increase Thriving Youth through Violence Prevention), a CDC initiative supporting U.S. cities in preventing violence. I provided research, script development, training, and management expertise for the “Partnerships for Preventing Violence” satellite series, training over 15,000 leaders and practitioners nationwide. I also facilitate planning processes for cities, assisting with strategic frameworks for preventing violence.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.