Online Program

HIV/AIDS knowledge among senior secondary school students in Nigeria: A rural-urban difference

Tuesday, November 5, 2013

Olabode Ayodele, MPH, Ph.D, CHES, Walden University, Minneapolis, MN
Olagoke Ayodele, PhD, Curriculum Studies Department, Faculty of Education, Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria
Background: HIV/AIDS education remains a key component of HIV prevention strategies. In this study, we assessed urban and rural differences in HIV/AIDS knowledge among senior secondary school students in Ekiti State, Nigeria.

Methods: This cross sectional study included 372 senior secondary school students aged 15-19 years from four communities. The study data were collected using a self- administered questionnaire after informed consent have been sought and obtained. Descriptive statistics were used to describe variables of interest and independent t-test was used to assess differences in the mean HIV/AIDS knowledge scores obtained by rural and urban participants. Analyses were done using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) for windows version 19.

Results: Statistically significant differences were observed in HIV/AIDS knowledge among the student participants. Students from the urban communities had higher mean scores, indicating higher level of knowledge about HIV/AIDS (14.1; SD=3.4 vs. 11.4; SD=3.7; P < 0.001). Female students in urban schools had higher HIV/AIDS knowledge mean score (14.2; SD=3.1) compared with their male counterparts (13.8; SD=3.7) and both sexes in rural areas (Male: 10.6; SD=3.8; Female: 12.0; SD=3.6).Overall, the results showed that HIV/AIDS knowledge among the study participants was above average but some misconceptions on HIV/AIDS and related risk factors were recorded.

Conclusions: There was a significant rural-urban difference in HIV/AIDS knowledge among student participants. The study findings underscore the need for adequate HIV/AIDS-related health promotion and prevention efforts targeting rural secondary school students.

Learning Areas:

Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
Assess urban-rural differences in HIV/AIDS knowledge among senior secondary school students in Ekiti State, Nigeria.

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I teach epidemiology courses and part of my research works focus on HIV prevention among vulnerable populations.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.