Online Program

Knowledge percepction and risk practices about dental flurosis of mothers living in an endemic fluorosis area

Sunday, November 3, 2013

Fátima del Carmen Aguilar-Díaz, MSc, Dental Public Health, Programa de Maestría y Doctorado en Ciencias Médicas, Odontológicas y de la Salud, Distrito Federal, Mexico
Maria Esther Irigoyen-Camacho, Health Research, Universidad Autónoma de México, Mexico, Mexico
Roberto Carlos Castrejón-Pérez, Dr. Sc., Departamento de Investigación Clínica y Epidemiológica Geriátrica, Instituto Nacional de Geriatría, Distrito Federal, Mexico
S. Aída Borges-Yáñez, Dr. in Dentistry, Dental Public Health, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Dental School, Distrito Federal, Mexico
OBJECTIVE To identify knowledge, perception and risk practices regarding dental fluorosis of mothers living in an endemic fluorosis area. METHODS A cross-sectional study was conducted in a convenience sample of mothers living in a rural endemic fluorosis area of Mexico. A structured questionnaire about the perception, knowledge and risk practices regarding dental fluorosis was applied. RESULTS A total of 178 mothers participated. Mean age 31.09 (SD 6.9), 15.1% had no studies, 57.9% elementary or middle school, and the rest high school or college (27%). Knowledge: 59.4% of the mothers have heard the term “dental fluorosis”, 39.3% mentioned they knew its cause. Mothers identified products such as: tooth paste (80.3%), salt (61.5%), and tap water (52.2%) as having fluoride. Perception: Most of the mothers (85.8%) did not consider having spots in their childrenxs teeth would be a normal condition; 50.7 % would felt very uncomfortable with the presence of these spots, and 54.4% agree that their children were at risk of developing spots in their new teeth. Risk practices: 54.9% used tap water to cook,75.6% used fluoridated salt to cook, 51.8% always supervised childrenxs tooth brushing; 64.8% applied a high amount of tooth paste. Lower educational level was associated with fluorosis risk practices (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS In general, mothers perceive dental fluorosis as a negative condition. They did not associate it with excessive consumption of fluoride. Fluorosis risk practices were present in the majority of the mothers, and these practices were more frequently found among those mothers with lower educational level.

Learning Areas:

Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related education
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
Identify mother´s knowledge and perception regarding dental fluorosis Describe risk practices among mother´s living in a fluorisis area

Keyword(s): Oral Health, Health Promotion

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: i have been the principal reseacher particpating in the design, implementation and analysis of this project. Among my scientific interest has been oral health in children, dental fluorisis and quality of life.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.