Online Program

Different experiences of the diagnosis and management of metabolic syndrome

Sunday, November 3, 2013

Seunghyun Yoo, DrPH, MPH, Department of Public Health Science, Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea, Republic of (South)
Hyekyeong Kim, PhD, Health Promotion Research Institute, Korea Association of Health Promotion, Seoul, Korea, Republic of (South)
Soryoung Sim, MPH, Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea, Republic of (South)
Janet Yewon Jeon, MPH, Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea, Republic of (South)
Depending on statistics, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome(MetS) in Korea is 15-30%. MetS is a cluster of risk factors for diabetes and cardiovascular disease. With the increase of MetS in Korea and its risks for developing chronic diseases, this study explores how people with MetS in Korea receive the information on their condition and improve their healthy lifestyle practices. In-depth interviews were conducted with 21 adults with MetS in Korea over 40 years old. Health examination results, sociodemographic survey, and interview field notes were also collected. Thematic analysis was performed on the collected data revealed that participants were diagnosed with two different terms: 1)MetS or 2)a combination of individual MetS components such as prehypertension, prediabetes and abdominal obesity. Those who were diagnosed with individual MetS components were familiar with the diagnosed terms and coped with the condition based on their prior knowledge, experiences, and information from non-professional sources. They perceived visible impacts, such as changes in weight or body shape, as outcomes of lifestyle management. In contrast, those diagnosed with MetS, an unfamiliar term, took their condition more seriously. They participated in a MetS intervention program to improve the condition, and shared information from the intervention program with family and friends. They tried to adjust living arrangement to adopt a healthier lifestyle and perceived not only tangible impacts but also process of improving health behavior as the outcomes of lifestyle management. Health professionals should consider different aspects of these two diagnostic terms in developing prevention and control strategies.

Learning Areas:

Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Chronic disease management and prevention
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Program planning
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Describe how people with metabolic syndrome understand and control their condition depending on the way they were diagnosed

Keyword(s): Chronic (CVD), Prevention

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am the PI of the research project who has over 10 years of experience in health promotion research, program planning, community health and qualitative research.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.