Proxy-respondent's Strategies in Answering Questions on Child Disability
Methods: Cognitive interviews were conducted with a total of 214 individuals in five countries (India, Oman, U.S., Montenegro and Belize). A purposive sample was recruited of parents or guardians of children ages 2 to 17 who may difficulties in seeing, hearing, walking, learning, and/or behavior. Retrospective, intensive verbal probing was used to collect response process data. Data were analyzed using the constant comparative method of analysis. Analysts used an analysis software tool (Q-Notes) to facilitate data organization and analysis.
Results: Respondents relied on four main strategies in order to answer questions about their children’s difficulties: their own assessment, child assessment, professional assessment and comparisons with others. The differences in the ways these strategies are employed impact data quality.
Learning Areas:Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences
Identify the ways proxy-respondents (parents/guardians) formulate responses to questions on child disability.
Keyword(s): Survey, Disabilities
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I authored the official NCHS report on findings from the cross-national analysis of the Washington Group child disability questions. I work for the National Center for Health Statistic's Questionnaire Design Research Laboratory and performed this analysis as part of my duties.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.