Work environment and health needs in small- and medium-sized enterprises in a manufacturing technology ward in Japan
Method: 3,171 members of the Tokyo Chamber of Commerce and Industry, all employers, were mailed an anonymous questionnaire.
Results: 372 (11.7%) responses were received. The average age of respondents and years of experience were 62.5 (SD=11.3) and 19.8 (SD=15.1) years, respectively. Positive responses were significant higher in enterprises with <100 employees for the following items: “every employee and employer sees each others’ face,” “employer’s management policy is easily transmitted to employees,” “there is attention to aging of employees,” and “close relationships exist among employees.” Positive responses on “effective management of working hours,” “safety training,” “participation in internal and external training,” and “holding events in-house” were significantly higher in medium- versus small-sized enterprises. There were significant differences between small- and medium-sized enterprises in areas related to smoking, infections, metabolic syndrome, and mental health, including among enterprises with <10 employees.
Conclusions: Occupational health characteristics of SMEs in Ota, Japan, differed based on size of enterprise. Possible directions for health support strategies that emphasize the key role of employers are suggested.
Learning Areas:Occupational health and safety
Describe the results of the work environment and health needs in small and medium-sized enterprises in a manufacturing technology ward in Japan. Possible directions for health promotion according to the size of these enterprises, are suggested.
Keyword(s): Occupational Health and Safety, Workplace
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been the principal of Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientists(A) focusing on the health needs in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) for two years.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.