142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition

Annual Meeting Recordings are now available for purchase

Wireless Radio-Frequency Technology for Remote and Non-Invasive Health Monitoring

142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition (November 15 - November 19, 2014): http://www.apha.org/events-and-meetings/annual
Monday, November 17, 2014 : 9:10 AM - 9:30 AM

Andrew Nguyen, Student , Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA

Background: Medical costs in the U.S. have risen rapidly and substantially. Adding to this health-care cost problem is the growing numbers of elderly adults, population, increased longevity, and more demands for different health care services resulting from changes in life styles. Implementing advanced technologies for health treatments not only will help reduce medical costs and improve the treatment for patients, but also extend the healthcare to places like rural communities or undeveloped countries.

Objective/Purpose: To develop techniques utilizing radio-frequency identification (RFID) technology for personal health examination and monitoring.

Methods: Our methods are based on RFID systems that can acquire, store, process, and report specific data or information about objects at an appropriate time and location, determined by users or operators, via wireless means.

Results: We developed three techniques. Two techniques involve using RFID sensors internal and/or external to human body.  The third technique involves monitoring of patients in a hospital setting using RFID networks. The monitoring is done wirelessly, either continuously or periodically, in which the sensors collect patient’s condition and transmit to a router or portable device connected to the internet, from which patient’s condition can be diagnosed and viewed by medical professionals.

Discussion/Conclusions: Instantaneous information allows medical professionals to intervene properly and timely to prevent possible catastrophic effects to patients. Continuously monitored information provides medical professionals more complete and long-term studies of patients.  All these result in not only enhancement of the health treatment quality but also significant reduction of medical expenditure. These techniques demonstrate that health monitoring of patients can be done wirelessly at any time and any place without interfering with the patients’ normal activities. Implementing RFID technology would not only help reduce the enormous medical costs, but also help improve the health treatment as well as enhance the understanding of long-term personal health and illness.

Learning Areas:

Clinical medicine applied in public health
Communication and informatics
Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Other professions or practice related to public health
Public health or related research
Systems thinking models (conceptual and theoretical models), applications related to public health

Learning Objectives:
Design RFID systems for personal health examination and monitoring. Identify RFID technology for personal health examination and monitoring. Assess RFID technology for medical applications. Formulate ideas of using RF wireless technology for improvements in medical examinations and monitoring of patients. Design medical devices based on RF wireless technology for improvements in medical examinations and monitoring of patients.

Keyword(s): Health Assessment, Telehealth

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been conducting research on using radio-frequency (RF) wireless technologies for biological, medicine, and healthcare applications for more than 5 years during my undergraduate and medical studies. I have published and presented various papers in these areas.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.