Racial Disproportionality in School Discipline and the School-to-Prison Pipeline
The increasing use of disciplinary practices such as out-of-school suspensions, expulsions, or referrals to law enforcement impacts educational outcomes, and may contribute to what has been termed the “school to prison pipeline.” Fewer than 5% of out-of-school suspensions result from mandatory offenses (alcohol, drugs, weapons); 95% are discretionary actions.
AASA, the School Superintendents Association, collaborates with the Children’s Defense Fund, in a partnership funded by The Atlantic Philanthropies, to reduce racial disproportionality in school discipline and to reduce the over-use of out-of-school suspension and expulsion. The goal of educators and community members should be, wherever possible, to prevent children from interacting with juvenile justice and law enforcement, not to supplement school security and discipline procedures with these agencies. AASA is working with ten school districts to examine discipline data and alter policy and practice. As a result, Racine Unified School District has already had 700 fewer suspensions in the 2013-2014 school-year than at this point last year.
This session will offer alternatives to suspension and expulsion in an effort to reduce the number of African-American children losing instructional time and interacting with the justice system.
Learning Areas:Diversity and culture
Public health or related education
Public health or related public policy
Describe innovative ways that school districts can address racial disproportionality in school discipline Explain ways to improve discipline policy and practice to ensure equity
Keyword(s): African American, Criminal Justice
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been the principal or co-principal of multiple philanthropically funded grants focusing on academic achievement for historically under-served student populations. My efforts at AASA have focused on college-access and success, school district systems-level change, and school discipline/school climate reform.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.