142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition

Annual Meeting Recordings are now available for purchase

Parental Health and Well-Being of Families with Children with Developmental Disabilities in the US

142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition (November 15 - November 19, 2014): http://www.apha.org/events-and-meetings/annual
Monday, November 17, 2014 : 12:50 PM - 1:10 PM

Sue Chienshy Lin, MS , Bureau of Primary Health Care, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, Rockville, MD
Deborah R. Young, PhD , Department of Research and Evaluation, Kaiser Permanente Southern California, Pasadena, CA
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that 1 in 6 children in the US have developmental disabilities (DD) in 2006-2008, which represented an increase in prevalence of children with developmental disabilities (DD) from 12.84% to 15.04% since 1997.  As parents are primary caregivers and advocates for their children with DD, their physical and psychological well-being may be at risk.  This study explored the association between having a child with DD and parental health using data from the 2007 National Survey of Children’s Health.

The final analytic sample consisted of 7,434 children with DD and 70,608 typically developing (TD) children.  31% of children with TD resided in households with incomes above the 400% federal poverty level as compared to 25% of children with DD.  85% of children with TD are growing up in supportive neighborhood environments as opposed to 78% of children with DD. The multivariate analysis found lower odds in parental self-report of excellent or good maternal health (AOR: 0.63, 95% CI: 0.55, 0.72) and paternal health (AOR:  0.74, 95% CI: 0.57, 0.79) for parents who have children with DD.

The findings examined socioeconomic and environmental determinants associated with significant health disparities between parents with and without children with DD.  It highlights the needs for intervention strategies for at-risk families with children with DD at the family level as well as at the macro level in future development of systems and policies in health and education that could enhance the support for parents of children with DD.

Learning Areas:

Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
Describe the disparities between parental health for parents of children with developmental disabilities and those parents of typically developing children Differentiate the impact of neighborhood collective efficacy on parental health of families with children with developmental disabilities Discuss how future development of systems and policies can enhance support for families that will lead to improved parental health and well-being

Keyword(s): Children With Special Needs, Well-Being

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: Sue is currently a Senior Advisor at the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) and previously the extramural research program officer with grant portfolio on autism and other related developmental disabilities. Prior to HRSA, Sue has worked on research, education, and dissemination initiatives in public health and disabilities at the national and state level.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.