142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition

Annual Meeting Recordings are now available for purchase

Obesity, weight perception and weight intention among sixth grade students in a segregated suburban community

142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition (November 15 - November 19, 2014): http://www.apha.org/events-and-meetings/annual
Monday, November 17, 2014 : 11:10 AM - 11:30 AM

Martine Hackett, PhD , Department of Health Professions, Hofstra University, Hempstead, NY
Andrzej Kozikowski, Ph.D. , Population Health, North Shore-LIJ Health System, Great Neck, NY

BACKGROUND: Adolescent obesity is a national public health concern and disparities exist based on race-ethnicity, geographic region, and socioeconomic status. Physical environment is a significant factor for obesity, with residential segregation contributing to racial inequities across class lines. This study examines students’ weight perception, intention and behaviors in a racially/ethnically segregated suburban county in New York State.

METHODS: BMI and BMI-%ile calculated from measured height and weight and questions from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey of 365 sixth-grade students in 2012 and 2013. Descriptive statistics, chi square analysis and logistic regression assessed associations between students’ weight status, perceptions and reported behaviors.

RESULTS: Almost half (49%) of students identified as black and 38% Hispanic, and 14% white or other. Almost one-third (30%) of the students were obese, 22% overweight and a majority (69%) had a concordant perception of their weight. 25% indicated that they had fasted, and overweight/obese students were more likely to fast than those with a healthy weight (72.8% versus 27.2%, P < 0.001).  Students who reported not eating breakfast were more likely to be trying to lose weight than those not trying (62.3% versus 37.7%, P < 0.012).

CONCLUSION:  Obesity prevalence is higher in this residentially segregated suburban middle school than the rest of the county.  Most obese students accurately perceive their weight status, intend to lose weight and are more likely to adopt unhealthy weight loss strategies, i.e. skipping breakfast and fasting. Interventions need to provide students with knowledge and resources for effective and safe weight loss.

Learning Areas:

Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Diversity and culture

Learning Objectives:
Describe the weight perception and weight intention of middle school students in a segregated suburban community.

Keyword(s): Obesity, Health Disparities/Inequities

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am an assistant professor teaching undergraduate and graduate students public health and community health. I was a deputy director at the NYC Department of Health for 5 years working on maternal and child health issues. I have experience working on issues of health inequity and low resource communities.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.