Functionality and Quality of Life among Youth with Disabilities: An Examination of Multivariate Differences
METHODS: An exploratory survey design using the Pediatric Outcomes Data Collection Instrument (PODCI), and Child Health and Illness Profile (CHIPs) was used to examine function and quality of life. The National Center for Health Statistics Urban-Rural Classification Scheme for Counties was used to recruit, parents (N = 66) in one urban and one rural school district in Georgia. Means for subscales on the PODCI and CHIPs were calculated and relationships among functional and QOL variables were examined via multivariate analyses.
RESULTS: Regression models indicated complex relationships among the variables, with functional variables significantly predicting some but not all indicators of QOL. Stepwise regression indicated Sports and Physical Functioning Scale, Happiness Scale, and Transfer & Basic Mobility Scale significantly predicted satisfaction (F = 12.918 [p <0.001]; R2 = 3.92). A backward method indicated Happiness, Pain/Comfort significantly predicted Risk Avoidance (F = 10.232, p <0.001).
CONCLUSION: In order to promote health and well-bring among individuals with disabilities, practitioners and researchers must understand the complex relationships among disability, function, and quality of life, the definitions of which are multifaceted and change depending on the individual and context.
Learning Areas:Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Chronic disease management and prevention
Define the differences in functionality and quality of life among youth with disabilities. Discuss the complexity of relationships between functionality and quality of life as it relates to those living with disabilities. Identify predictors of quality of life among youth with disabilities.
Keyword(s): Disabilities, Quality of Life
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have conducted disability research for the past 5 years and am a former adapted physical education teacher.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.