142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition

Annual Meeting Recordings are now available for purchase

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Physical teen dating violence and associations with school violence and bullying victimization among US high school students, 2013

142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition (November 15 - November 19, 2014): http://www.apha.org/events-and-meetings/annual
Monday, November 17, 2014 : 8:30 AM - 8:50 AM

Alana Vivolo-Kantor, MPH, CHES , Division of Violence Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA
Emily Olsen, MSPH , Division of Adolescent and School Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA
Kathleen Basile, PhD , Division of Violence Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA
Kevin Vagi, PhD , Divison of Violence Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA
Introduction: Dating violence negatively affects the mental and physical health of youth, as well as their school performance. CDC’s 2013 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) included a new question on physical teen dating violence (TDV) among a nationally representative sample of U.S. high school students. This study analyzes the prevalence of physical TDV, and associations with school violence and bullying victimization.

Methods: YRBS assessed physical TDV with one question: “During the past 12 months, how many times did someone you were dating or going out with physically hurt you on purpose?  (Count such things as being hit, slammed into something, or injured with an object or weapon).” Logistic regression assessed relationships between physical TDV  and school violence and bullying victimization, controlling for school grade, race/ethnicity, and sex.

Results: Of 9,930 high school students, 10.2% experienced physical TDV victimization. Students who experienced physical TDV victimization were significantly more likely to have missed school because of safety concerns (APR: 3.8, 95%CI: 3.2-4.6), been threatened or injured with a weapon at school (APR:4.9, CI: 4.1-5.8), fought at school (APR:2.7, CI:2.3-3.2), and been bullied at school (APR:2.1, CI:1.9-2.3) than students who had not experienced TDV.

Conclusion: Students who experienced physical TDV victimization during the previous twelve months are at increased risk of missing school and being victimized by their peers. School prevention efforts may wish to consider targeting multiple forms of violence victimization.

Learning Areas:

Other professions or practice related to public health
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
Describe the association between physical teen dating violence victimization and at least three school violence and bullying behaviors among U.S. high school students.

Keyword(s): Adolescents, Youth Violence

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a health statistician for CDCís Division of Adolescent and School Health. During my tenure with the division, I have published multiple articles on adolescent health and presented annually at national conferences, including APHA 2013 and APHA 2012. My work on sexual identity and school violence and bullying was featured in the APHA 2013 blog.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.