142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition

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A Brief Scale to Measure Problematic Sexually Explicit Media Consumption: Psychometric Properties of the Obsessive Compulsive Pornography Consumption (OCPC) Scale among Men who have Sex with Men

142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition (November 15 - November 19, 2014): http://www.apha.org/events-and-meetings/annual
Monday, November 17, 2014

Syed Noor, PhD, MPH, MA, MSS , School of Public Health, The University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN
B. R. Simon Rosser, PhD, MPH , Division of Epidemiology & Community Health, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis, MN
Darin J. Erickson, PhD , Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN
Background: Men who have sex with men (MSM) have very high prevalence rates of sexually explicit media (SEM) consumption. SEM is highly acceptable to almost all MSM and is considered “ubiquitous” in the gay community. Although the phenomenon of hypersexuality has been described in the literature, and scales of compulsive sexual behavior have been published, the existing measures do not assess compulsive SEM consumption.

Methods: To address this gap, and as a first step in researching the effects of gay SEM, this study developed and tested the psychometric properties of a new scale, the Obsessive Compulsive Pornography Consumption (OCPC) scale. Participants in study 1 were 241 MSM who completed 7-day test-retest online surveys, and in study 2, 1165 MSM who completed online surveys once. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses and reliability analysis were carried out to assess the psychometric properties of the OCPC scale.

Results: Factor analyses identified a five item two factor preoccupation-compulsivity solution, and validation testing showed good psychometric performance. As hypothesized, the scale correlates positively and moderately with compulsive sexual behavior, internalized homonegativity, and outness, and negatively with sexual self-esteem.

Conclusion: The scale can be used independently or as an additional subscale to measure sexual compulsivity more extensively. It will enable researchers to investigate the prevalence, cofactors and etiologic factors of compulsive pornography use, and clinicians to comprehensively assess problematic pornography consumption.

Learning Areas:

Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Discuss existing scales to assess sexual compulsivity among men who have sex with men in the US. Identify the analytical steps to assess psychometric properties of a new brief problematic pornography consumption scale Describe a brief new scale to examine obsessive-compulsive sexual explicit media consumption among men who have sex with men in the US.

Keyword(s): HIV/AIDS, Methodology

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am the PI of Sexually Explicit Media study and conceptualized this study and analysis.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.