142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition

Annual Meeting Recordings are now available for purchase

Assessment of knowledge and attitude towards Anti Retro Viral therapy among HIV counseling and testing clients in Harar Health Facilities, Ethiopia

142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition (November 15 - November 19, 2014): http://www.apha.org/events-and-meetings/annual
Monday, November 17, 2014 : 10:42 AM - 10:57 AM

Abera Kenay Tura , School of Nursing and Midwifery, Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia
Introduction: Anti Retroviral Therapy (ART) began in Ethiopia in 2003. However, knowledge and attitude towards ART in the community remains largely unexplored in the literature. The objective of this study was to assess knowledge and attitude towards ART among HIV counseling and testing (HCT) clients in selected health facilities of Harar, Ethiopia.

Methods: A cross sectional design was used. A total of 739 HCT clients in three randomly selected health facilities in Harar were selected using a systematic random sampling method and were interviewed. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16.

Results:Nearly ninety percent of the respondents had heard of ART with 70.9% and 86.2% had good knowledge and attitude towards ART respectively.  Rural residence (AOR=.678 95% CI (.382, .981)), no HIV risk perception (AOR=.310, CI (.146, .925)), and being tested at PIHCT (AOR=.359, CI (.281, .845)) were associated with less knowledge about ART while discussing about ART at home (AOR=2.914, CI (1.671, 5.080)) and being merchant (AOR=2.697, CI 1.331, 4.185) were associated with having good knowledge of ART.  

Conclusions: The majority of the study participants were knowledgeable about ART and its benefits but have fair knowledge about eligibility and adherence indicating the need for continuous IEC/BCC activities on the issue. Attitude about ART is good in the majority of those asked.

Learning Areas:

Chronic disease management and prevention
Public health or related nursing
Public health or related research
Systems thinking models (conceptual and theoretical models), applications related to public health

Learning Objectives:
Assess knowledge and attitude towards anti retro viral therapy among clients undergoing HIV counseling and testing in Harar Ethiopia

Keyword(s): HIV/AIDS, Adherence

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been the principal investigator of this research funded by Haramaya University as young faculty member
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.