Acculturative stress and depression among Latino adolescents living in a midwestern metropolitan area with an emerging Latino population
Objectives: Describe levels of acculturative stress (AS) in Latino adolescents living in a Midwestern metropolitan area with an emerging Latino population; assess whether AS predicts depression; and assess whether social support, perceived discrimination, and self-mastery mediate this relationship.
Methods: Recruitment of 86 Latino adolescents (41 males, 45 females), aged 12-19 years, was led by the community partner. Each adolescent completed several well-validated instruments. Descriptive statistics, bivariate and regression results were generated.
Results: 58.2% of study participants were experiencing minor (47.7%) or major (10.5%) depression as measured by the PHQ-9. Using the SAFE scale, participants reported very low/low (58.1%) or moderate (41.9%) levels of AS; none reported high levels. However, those participants with moderate levels of AS were ten times more likely to have depression (OR = 10.24; 95% CI = 3.20-32.79). Adolescents lacking high self-mastery were more likely to experience AS (OR= 6.54; 95% CI = 2.39-17.88).
Conclusions: The prevalence of depression reported by Latino adolescents in our study was high, and moderate levels of AS were associated with increased likelihood of depression. The impact of AS may be amplified by the social context of living in a geographic area without a well-established Latino community presence. Culturally-tailored Interventions to increase self-mastery may be beneficial.
Learning Areas:Diversity and culture
Social and behavioral sciences
Describe existing levels of acculturative stress and depression in Latino adolescents in a Midwestern metropolitan area. Explore the relationship between levels of acculturative stress and depression. Describe various mediating factors of the relationship between acculturative stress and depression.
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been working on this project since its original development and serve as the project manager and coordinator. I have been involved in various community-based projects throughout the duration of my appointment.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.