142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition

Annual Meeting Recordings are now available for purchase

Findings from a participatory community health assessment tailored to a predominately immigrant community

142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition (November 15 - November 19, 2014): http://www.apha.org/events-and-meetings/annual
Monday, November 17, 2014 : 3:15 PM - 3:30 PM

Jennifer Hebert-Beirne, PhD, MPH , Community Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago School of Public Health, Chicago, IL
Victoria Persky, MD , Epidemiology & Biostatistics, UIC School of Public Health, Chicago, IL
Noel Chávez, PhD, RD , School of Public Health, University of Illinois-Chicago, Chicago, IL
Joan Kennelly, rn, mph, phd , School of Public Health, University of Illinois At Chicgo, Chicago, IL
Kamal Eldeirawi
Dina Birman, PhD , School of Education and Human Development, University of Miami,, Coral Gables
Anna Mayer , Taller de José, Chicago, IL
Simone Alexander , Enlace Chicago, Chicago, IL
Maria Velazquez , Telpochcalli Community Education Project, Chicago
Community Health Assessment (CHA), an approach to identifying community health needs and assets towards health improvement is of increasing interest as the influence of place on individuals’ health is becoming a more central public health concern. In predominately immigrant neighborhoods current CHA tools and approaches fail to capture the impact of migration and acculturation on individuals, families and the community at large. These insights are essential to understand the relationship of the acculturative processes and observed racial and ethnic health disparities in the United States. Employing community-based participatory research principles in a community health assessment we developed tailored, mixed methods data collection instruments for Chicago’s Little Village neighborhood. In Little Village over 50% of residents are foreign born,  83% of Mexican heritage and 33% speak English less than "very well". Through community health surveys, individual interviews (n=14), focus groups (n=10) and oral histories (n=8), we explored community perceptions of health priorities and barriers as well as  assets to community health.  Through participatory data analysis emergent themes include impact of daily concern for safety on family and community, acculturative press and work and occupation as community health determinants.  After broad dissemination of findings in the community,  partner-identified community-based health promotion strategies are recommended.

Learning Areas:

Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Diversity and culture
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Explain adaptation of Community Health Assessment tools and approaches to accommodate unique needs of urban, immigrant communtities

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am the principal investigator on this community-based study. I lead the data collection and analysis. I am a professor and CBPR researcher at UIC SPH in Chicago where my research focus is on neighborhood health equity in racial/minority, low income communities. I teach community health assessment to graduate students and medical students.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.