Utilizing Geospatial Analysis and Adapting Evidence-based Injury Prevention to Decrease Trauma Incidence
Unintentional injuries are one of the common causes of emergency room visits at a level one pediatric trauma center. In 2011, a zip code level analysis of the trauma registry was conducted to identify the highest incidence among children. An interactive cityscape safety program, recognized as an evidence-based practice, was adapted to fit into summer camp programming to increase outreach efforts in zip codes with the greatest incidence of trauma-related emergency department visits.
An eight question pre and post-test was administered to a representative sample of summer camp participants in first through fifth grade. The knowledge test addressed lessons on bicycle, car, and pedestrian safety, stranger and stray animal awareness. The knowledge tests were administered using Classroom Participatory System (CPS) clickers and by using paper tests. The data was weighted by grade and was analyzed by using SPSS 20.0.
Pre and post test scores for participants increased by an average of 16.6% (p-value<0.001). Participants increased knowledge in each of the eight questions. There was a statistically significant Chi-square result (p-value <.001) for 6 out of 8 questions from the summer curriculum.
This evidence-based safety education program increases knowledge using the summer program. The program is effective in increasing the overall knowledge of pedestrian safety among participants and using a trauma registry analysis is an effective way of identifying areas of high need.
Learning Areas:Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Explain how injury prevention education can be adapted to evidence-based practices Explain how to extrapolate data from a trauma registry to inform community outreach efforts
Keyword(s): Youth, Violence & Injury Prevention
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: Nicole Kozma is a Manger for the Child Health Advocacy and Outreach department at St. Louis Children’s Hospital. She manages department operational needs, injury prevention programs and obesity prevention programs. Ms. Kozma has over fifteen years of experience in the field of public health.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.