142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition

Annual Meeting Recordings are now available for purchase

Feasibility and Acceptability of Self-Monitoring for Physical Activity in Women Recently Released from Incarceration

142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition (November 15 - November 19, 2014): http://www.apha.org/events-and-meetings/annual
Monday, November 17, 2014 : 8:30 AM - 8:50 AM

Alison M. Colbert, PhD, PHCNS, BC , School of Nursing, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA
Vanessa Durand, MS Ed , School of Education, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA
Melanie Turk, PhD , Duquesne University School of Nursing, Pittsburgh, PA
Background:  Women who have been incarcerated have higher rates of mental and physical health problems than the general public. Physical activity improves both mental and physical health, and daily activity lowers psychological distress.  However, women who are incarcerated report low levels of physical activity. There have been no published studies examining physical activity in women who are in transitional housing after incarceration, and the feasibility and acceptability of self-monitoring intervention for this population is unknown.

Methods:  A descriptive study was conducted to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of a direct-to-consumer self-monitoring device for physical activity in women recently released from incarceration (N=23).  Descriptive statistics were used to assess physical activity (measured using the Physical Activity Questionnaire and an electronic activity tracker), and to assess participant response to the using the device.

Results: Twenty three participants were enrolled in the study for one week. Most (n=22) used the wristband every day; one participant removed it for two of seven days.  Interview data indicated that most participants would like to use such a device. Preliminary analysis showed higher than expected physical activity, with most women (n=20) having three or more days with greater than 10,000 steps/day.

Conclusions:  Self-monitoring, the gold standard in behavior change intervention, is a feasible and acceptable intervention for recently incarcerated women. The participants were engaged and valued the feedback they received. Further research in physical activity and self-monitoring could help address the health disparity related to both physical and mental health in this population.

Learning Areas:

Public health or related nursing

Learning Objectives:
Define physical activity and self-monitoring women recently released from jail or prison. Describe how a self-monitoring physical activity intervention could be used in this population.

Keyword(s): Physical Activity, Prisoners Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: Alison Colbert, PhD, APRN, BC is an Assistant Professor at the Duquesne University School of Nursing. She is a certified Clinical Specialist in Public/Community Health Nursing with over 15 years of clinical and administrative experience in community health and forensic nursing. Her research focuses on health education in vulnerable populations, specifically incarcerated and recently incarcerated women.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.