142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition

Annual Meeting Recordings are now available for purchase

Assessing nursing students' knowledge, comfort, and cultural competence toward Latino patients in the Southeastern United States

142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition (November 15 - November 19, 2014): http://www.apha.org/events-and-meetings/annual
Monday, November 17, 2014

Rachel Mayo, PhD , Department of Public Health Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, SC
Windsor Sherrill, PhD , Department of Public Health Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, SC
Khoa Truong, PhD , Department of Public Health Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, SC
Christina Nichols , Department of Public Health Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, SC
As the Latino population continues to rapidly grow throughout the United States, cultural competence training for public health and nursing students has become a priority at the baccalaureate level. It has been shown that increasing cultural competency among health care providers is associated with higher quality of care and reduction of racial inequalities in health outcomes. This study explores 260 undergraduate nursing students’ attitudes and beliefs toward Latino patients and their perceived readiness to provide care to Latino patients. A cross-sectional survey was conducted at four major nursing schools in the Southeastern states, the region that has seen the highest growth rate of the Latino population. Results from multivariable regression suggest social interaction with Latinos is a statistically significant predictor of better Latino knowledge (p<.01), cultural competence (p<.01), and comfort with Latino patients (p<.01). Having visited a Spanish-speaking country is positively associated with an increase in cultural competence (p<.05), and ever lived in a Spanish-speaking country positively associated with better Latino knowledge (p<.01) and cultural competence (p<.01), respectively. Having completed a population health class is significant for cancer skills with Latinos (p<.05). And having some Spanish proficiency increased cultural competency (p<.05), but not the other outcomes of interest.  Our findings suggest that “dosage” matters. Nursing education programs may want to consider recruiting students with previous Latino experience or exposure such as study abroad, language proficiency, or living in a Spanish-speaking country rather than only attempting to incorporate these initiatives within training programs.      

Learning Areas:

Diversity and culture
Provision of health care to the public
Public health or related nursing

Learning Objectives:
Assess nursing students' readiness to treat Latino patients through survey techniques. Identify three nursing education initiatives that may be implemented to better prepare students to provide quality care for Latino populations.

Keyword(s): Nursing Education, Latinos

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a professor of public health sciences and researcher with 17 years experience in the field of health disparities and health disparities research.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.