142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition

Annual Meeting Recordings are now available for purchase

Understanding Postpartum Obesity in Asian Indian (AI) Women in the County of Los Angeles

142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition (November 15 - November 19, 2014): http://www.apha.org/events-and-meetings/annual
Sunday, November 16, 2014

Satish Tadepalli, MBBS, MPH , Reprocudctive Health, Maternal Child And Adolescent Health Programs, Los Angeles County, Department of Public Health, Los Angeles, CA
Diana E. Ramos, MD, MPH , Reproductive Health, Maternal, Child & Adoloescent Health, Los Angeles County Department of Public Health, Los Angeles, CA

The obesity rate in India has nearly tripled over the past 25 years. The largest number of AI  immigrants in the US resides in California. Limited published data exists on prevalence and attitude on obesity in post-partum AI women in the US. 1% (n=130,313) of deliveries in LA County are to AI women, who have a higher incidence of insulin resistance and complications due to obesity at a lower BMI (Normal BMI – 18 -22.9 kg /m2) compared to other ethnicities.


A self administered 14 question survey which assessed BMI, attitudes, interventions and approaches to weight loss among AI postpartum women was conducted.  Descriptive analysis was performed.


115 surveys were completed. Using the WHO BMI grid for SEAI 38 % (44/115) had a normal BMI, 17.4 % (20/115) were overweight and 41.7% (n= 48/115) were obese. 71% (71/115) said ‘YES’ that they want to lose weight.  60% reported being successful in losing weight. Factors cited contributing to weight loss included exercise, 81.82% (81/115) and eating healthier 62.63% (62/115). Barriers cited were lack of time (82%, 82/115) and lack of child care (13%, 12/115). 64% (74/115) said that they were actively exercising after pregnancy.


Obesity among AI women in the US is under-studied. Understanding the drivers helping AI women succeed in weight loss will assist in developing culturally specific interventions to reduce postpartum obesity, its health consequences and improve the health of mothers and their families.

Learning Areas:

Diversity and culture
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Analyze the prevalence of obesity in Asian Indian women Evaluate factors leading to maternal obesity in Asian Indian women Identify barriers Asian Indian women faced in losing weight

Keyword(s): Maternal and Child Health, Obesity

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: AS a public Health intern in Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health Programs, I performed background research, data collection and analysis.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.