142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition

Annual Meeting Recordings are now available for purchase

Suicidal ideation in medical undergraduates: Do gender and where you grew up matter?

142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition (November 15 - November 19, 2014): http://www.apha.org/events-and-meetings/annual
Tuesday, November 18, 2014 : 8:54 AM - 9:06 AM

Bilesha Perera, PhD , Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ruhuna, Galle, Sri Lanka
Mohammad R. Torabi, PhD , School of Public Health-Bloomington, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN
Depression and suicidal ideation pose a significant threat to health and well-being of medical undergraduates in many countries. Sri Lanka has one of the highest suicide rates in the world. A sample of 118 medical undergraduates was surveyed using a self-report anonymous questionnaire to elucidate how gender and where they grew up are related to suicidal ideation. The age range of the sample was 22 to 25 years and there were 65 (55%) female respondents. The prevalence of lifetime suicidal ideation was 22.8%. Logistic regression analysis indicated that females (OR = 2.70; 95% CI: 1.02, 7.13) and those who were from the Southern parts of the country compared to those who were from Mid Country (OR = 2.77; 95% CI: 1.01, 7.63) were more likely to report lifetime suicidal ideation. The findings of this study indicate that substantial variations in suicidal thoughts exist at regional level. As shown in studies conducted in other countries, females, in general, are more susceptible than males to develop suicidal ideation. The wide variations identified between sexes and geographical areas where the undergraduates were grown up in suicidal ideation suggest that different preventive strategies are needed to address the needs of these diverse groups of undergraduates and eliminate health disparities that may exist in this target population.

Learning Areas:

Public health or related organizational policy, standards, or other guidelines
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Describe how where you were from and gender are related to suicidal ideation in medical undergraduates in a middle income country

Keyword(s): Suicide, Health Disparities/Inequities

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am the co-investigator of this study. I am an experienced researcher and have conducted numerous studies on mental health as well as international health. Heath disparity is one of my major foci, especially the differences on gender, race/ethnicity, and SES.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.