Active Commuting to School: An Interplay of Child Self-efficacy, Social Influence, and Built Environment
Methods: Fourth graders and their parents (N=857) who lived within two miles from school were recruited from 74 schools across Texas. Children completed a survey assessing their attitudes, perceptions, and SE toward ACS, defined as walking or biking to/from school most days of the week. Parents provided information about their social demographics, e.g., gender, ethnicity, and types of assistance their families received. Environmental constraints, e.g., distance and land uses en route to school, were captured using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and field audits. An integrated model was tested using multilevel structural equation modeling.
Results: The model demonstrated a good model fit (RMSEA=.02, CFI=.99, WRMR=.84). Only 18.1% of the students were active commuters. Children from low socioeconomic status families (β=.40) were more likely to use active modes. ACS was predicted by both SE (β=.36) and environmental constraints (β=-.47). Environmental constraints were negatively (β=-.29), and child psychological states (β=.26) and social modeling (β=.28) were positively associated with child SE.
Conclusions: Few students are active commuters. To promote children’s ACS, interventions should include strategies to increase child SE and decrease environmental constraints.
Learning Areas:Public health or related education
Social and behavioral sciences
Keyword(s): Children and Adolescents, Self-Efficacy
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: As a PhD candidate in Public Health Education, I've published multiple peer-reviewed journal articles and had around 20 conference presentations. My dissertation is about how the interplay of psychological, environmental, and social chracteristics influence child's active commuting to school. My research intersts include health disparities, environment and health, and child health.
Any relevant financial relationships? Yes
|Name of Organization||Clinical/Research Area||Type of relationship|
|Texas A&M University||Health Education||Student|
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.