142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition

Annual Meeting Recordings are now available for purchase

Framework Convention on Global Health: Ensuring compliance

142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition (November 15 - November 19, 2014): http://www.apha.org/events-and-meetings/annual
Tuesday, November 18, 2014 : 12:30 PM - 12:50 PM

Michelle Miller, JD, MPH , College of Arts and Sciences, Quinnipiac University, Hamden, CT
Approximately fifty-four thousand people die unnecessarily every day due to the consequences of global health inequities.  Believing that a person's health status should not be determined by where they live, a group of health activists and academics formed the Joint Action and Learning Initiative on National and Global Responsibilities for Health ("JALI"), with the stated purpose of developing a Framework Convention on Global Health ("FCGH').  A challenging facet of this initiative is how to ensure the compliance of those states which do become parties to the FCGH.  Although there currently exist international treaties espousing the inclusion of health as a human right, none of these treaties include effective enforcement mechanisms.  This presentation explores the possibility of ensuring compliance by requiring state parties to provide jurisdiction in national courts for the redress of grievances stemming from a failure of the state party to comply with its obligations under the FCGH.  This mechanism has been used with some success in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.  While recognizing that nations will more readily agree to waive their sovereign immunity in the context of political and civil rights than for economic and social rights, such as health, it is argued that seeking national jurisdiction in each state party is a promising strategy in the effort to establish health as an enforceable human right.  The target audience consists of all public health professionals, with or without legal expertise, who are interested in the development of the Framework Convention for Global Health.

Learning Areas:

Advocacy for health and health education
Public health or related laws, regulations, standards, or guidelines
Public health or related public policy

Learning Objectives:
Discuss the legal and ethical bases for establishing health as a human right. Evaluate the role of inequitable access to health care and social goods, such as education, between countries and among different populations within countries, as causes of unnecessary morbidity and mortality. Assess the importance of effective compliance mechanisms in ensuring the success of the Framework Convention on Global Health.

Keyword(s): Health Law, Human Rights

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am the principal investigator of the research presented and have expertise in international law.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.