142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition

Annual Meeting Recordings are now available for purchase

Health Impact Assessment: A Method to Advance Injury and Violence Prevention

142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition (November 15 - November 19, 2014): http://www.apha.org/events-and-meetings/annual
Monday, November 17, 2014 : 9:30 AM - 9:45 AM

Keshia Pollack, PhD, MPH , Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Center for Injury Research and Policy, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD
Marjory Givens, PhD, MSPH , Health Impact Project, Pew Charitable Trusts, Washington, DC
Gregory Tung, PhD MPH , Health Systems, Management, and Policy, Colorado School of Public Health, Aurora, CO
Background: There is evidence that decisions made in sectors such as transportation, housing, and urban planning affect injury risk. Health impact assessment (HIA) is a pragmatic process to identify the potential health risks and benefits of proposed policies, and to inform decision-making. As of November 2013, approximately 300 HIAs have been completed or are in progress in the U.S., many of which address injury-related health pathways.

Methods: We reviewed HIAs to identify ones that included injury and violence risks that were not fully recognized or addressed during the decision-making process.

Results: In this session, we will define the HIA process, its methods, and describe the potential for HIA to advance the field of injury and violence prevention. We will also present examples of HIAs that have considered pathways with potential injury effects -- 1) implementation of "smart metering" technology that would allow an electric utility provider to remotely connect and disconnect residential service; 2) health impacts of packaging regulations for medical and recreational marijuana; and 3) an urban redevelopment project. These cases illustrate how HIAs are an effective translational research tool and identify the unintended injury and violence risks of proposals.

Conclusions: Efforts to prevent injury can benefit from HIAs. Injury prevention professionals can contribute to HIAs by developing pathways that address important determinants of injuries; identifying sources of injury data; determining appropriate metrics to measure the potential health effects and for monitoring; highlighting inequities; and crafting recommendations that promote health and mitigate the risk of injury and violence.

Learning Areas:

Other professions or practice related to public health
Public health or related public policy
Public health or related research
Systems thinking models (conceptual and theoretical models), applications related to public health

Learning Objectives:
Define the Health Impact Assessment (HIA)process and its methods. Describe how HIAs have included injury and violence risks that were not fully recognized or addressed during the decision-making process. Explain how HIAs can advance the field of injury and violence prevention.

Keyword(s): Health Assessment

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am an injury researcher and have been working in the HIA field for several years. I earned a PhD from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in 2006 and have been conducting injury research as a faculty member at JHU for several years. I use injury epidemiology, health policy, translational research, and health impact assessment in my work.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.