Examination of neighborhood factors associated with diet and physical activity among African American Men, 50 years and older
Methods:Participants were drawn from a cancer screening and physical activity intervention. Participants were 151 African American men aged 52-99 years, living in urban counties of NC who were assessed by questionnaire and geocoded address information. The following neighborhood characteristics were examined for this analysis, racial residential segregation, education, and poverty. Physical activity was measured by examining, metabolic equivalent task (MET) hours. Fruit and vegetable consumption was measured using a 13 item NCI fruit and vegetable screener which assessed frequency and portion size of consumed fruit and vegetable. Multilevel regression analyses were conducted to determine bivariate relationships among variables, while adjusting for individual level factors.
Results: Racial residential segregation was not associated with fruit and vegetable consumption, but was positively associated with physical activity (1.347 p=.002). Neighborhood education was not associated with fruit and vegetable consumption nor physical activity. While neighborhood poverty was not associated with physical activity, it was significantly associated with lower levels of fruit and vegetable consumption (β=-.065, p<.05)
Conclusion: Both neighborhood poverty and neighborhood racial composition were associated with physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption for African American men. Future research should be conducted to determine the pathways by which racial residential segregation influences physical activity and neighborhood poverty influeces fruit and vegetable consumption for African American men. Understandinging these pathways can help to inform gender-specific interventions that focus on the social environment.
Learning Areas:Chronic disease management and prevention
Social and behavioral sciences
Describe neighborhood factors associated with health behaviors of African American men
Keyword(s): African American, Menís Health
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have a PhD in Health Behavior and Health Education. I have led research on the influence of neighborhood factors on behavioral outcomes of residents.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.