142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition

Annual Meeting Recordings are now available for purchase

Community Asset Mapping to Inform Physical Activity and Health and Safety Promotion Interventions in Lower Rio Grande Colonias

142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition (November 15 - November 19, 2014): http://www.apha.org/events-and-meetings/annual
Tuesday, November 18, 2014

Deborah Parra-Medina, PhD, MPH , Institute for Health Promotion Research, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX
DeAnne K. Hilfinger Messias, PhD RN, FAAN , College of Nursing and Women's and Gender Studies Program, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC
Lourdes del Castillo-Gonzalez, LMSW, PhD , University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC
Patricia A. Sharpe, PhD, MPH , Prevention Research Center, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC
Daisy Morales-Campos, PhD , Institute for Health Promotion Research, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX
Edna Villarreal, MPH , Institute for Health Promotion Research, School of Medicine, Harlingen, TX
ENLACE is a community-based participatory research project designed to enhance Latina’s engagement in physical activity and promote social support and collective efficacy through access to culturally appropriate, economical physical activity resources in Lower Rio Grande Valley colonias. The multi-level approach to promoting physical activity among this underserved Latina population involves attention to environmental and socio-cultural factors as well as individual attitudes and skills. To assess local residents’ perspectives of their residential environs, we conducted a series of two-part Community Asset Mapping (CAM) sessions in 8 colonias. Promotoras in each community invited women to participate and conducted the CAM sessions. Participants (n=89) ranged from 20 to 60 years of age. In the first session, promotoras guided participants through the process of identifying health and safety concerns, enumerating local assets and resources to address each concern, and locating community resources and assets on a map. In the subsequent session, participants actually visited specific local sites to assess public safety, security and suitability for engaging in physical activity. The major physical and mental health concerns residents identified included obesity, hypertension, asthma, diabetes, stress, depression, feelings of alienation and lack of medical personnel and facilities. Findings from the participatory environmental scans indicated concerns related to lack of green spaces, trash, industrial pollution, and violence. Major assets across the eight colonias were the services and staff of local Community Resource Centers and religious organizations. Findings informed the development of the promotora-delivered physical activity and community health and safety interventions which are currently being offered.

Learning Areas:

Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Diversity and culture
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs

Learning Objectives:
Describe the process of engaging low-income Latinas residing in Lower Rio Grande Valley Colonias in Community Asset Mapping Sessions. Identify the salient community characteristics related to community health and safety and physical activity that emerged in the Community Asset Mapping Sessions. Explain how findings from Community Asset Mapping sessions informed the development of the ENLACE health promotion interventions.

Keyword(s): Community Health Assessment, Participatory Research

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am principal investigator on the grant that supports the research reported in this abstract. I am formally trained in Epidemiology and Health Promotion. I have over 20 years experience developing, implementing and evaluating health promotion interventions in partnership with communities.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.