142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition

Annual Meeting Recordings are now available for purchase

Assessing the role of gender differences in dementia caregiver risk

142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition (November 15 - November 19, 2014): http://www.apha.org/events-and-meetings/annual
Monday, November 17, 2014 : 11:18 AM - 11:30 AM

Candace Robertson-James, DrPH , Office of Urban Health Equity, Education and Research, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA
Kate Bowen , Department of Neurology, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA
Ana Nunez, MD , Women's Health Education Program, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA
Carol Lippa, MD , Department of Neurlogy, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA
Elizabeth Gonzalez, PhD, APRN-BC , College of Nursing & Health Professions, Drexel University, College of Nursing & Health Professions, Philadelphia, PA
Background: Health outcomes for patients with dementia are largely dependent upon informal caregivers. The quality of life and well-being of the caregiver is an important determinant for providing optimal care. Compared to other conditions, dementia caregivers experience greater dependency, provide more extensive assistance and provide care for a longer time period. With disease progression, caregivers often experience increased emotional stress, depression, health impairments, and financial loss. Gender is an important contextual factor that influences the stress response, coping and access to resources of caregivers. Beyond positing that differences exist in caregiver risk, there is a dearth of current research that explores the role of gender in these processes. The purpose of this study is to assess gender differences in dementia caregiver risk.   Design/Methods: A mixed methods cross-sectional research design was used to assess the role of gender in dementia caregiver risks, experiences and challenges. The quantitative component includes self-administration of 100 questionnaires in a clinical setting. The questionnaire assesses six risk domains: depression, burden, behaviors, support network, safety, and management strategies. The qualitative component includes an analysis of a gender activity and discussion in 6 dementia caregiver support groups. Results: Preliminary data for this study indicates a trend toward significant gender differences in the risk domains of management strategies, behaviors, and support network. Conclusions: The results support the need for development of gender informed caregiver interventions for clinical settings.

Learning Areas:

Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs

Learning Objectives:
Describe gender differences in caregiver risk appraisal Identify gender informed strategies for caregiver interventions in clinical settings

Keyword(s): Dementia, Caregivers

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been the project director and evaluation leads in numerous health promotion projects exploring gender differences and the role of gender in specific health conditions, behaviors and outcomes. I have worked closely with all aspects of this project as detailed in the abstract.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.