142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition

Annual Meeting Recordings are now available for purchase

Implications for college health programming: Predictors of prescription opioid misuse in college students

142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition (November 15 - November 19, 2014): http://www.apha.org/events-and-meetings/annual
Monday, November 17, 2014 : 12:30 PM - 12:50 PM

Christine Hackman, MA , Department of Health Science, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL
Scott Leary , College of Arts and Sciences, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL
Andrew Robert Gallucci, PhD, ATC, CSCS , Baylor University, Waco, TX
Andrew Meyer, PhD , School of Education, Baylor University, Waco, TX
Stuart Usdan, PhD , Department of Health Science, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL
Chris Wynveen, PhD , School of Education, Baylor Univesrity, Waco, TX
Background:  The nonmedical use of prescription opioids (NMUPO) has risen steadily over the past two decades. Research indicates that NMUPO is most prevalent from the ages of 18 to 25.   NMUPO is a health concern because it can lead adverse health behaviors, drug dependence, and addiction.  National studies have shown that NMUPO prevalence varies across college campuses, and few efforts programming efforts have been effective in reducing NMUPO in the college setting.  Purpose: To investigate the role that school affiliation, alcohol use, prescription status and demographics had on NMUPO.  Methods: Paper and pencil surveys were administered in class to students from a private religious university and a large public university in the southern US.  Results: The sample consisted of 775 undergraduate students; approximately 69% of the students were female, 69% were Caucasian, 35% had a current prescription, and 21% reported NMUPO.  Findings from logistic regression indicate that current prescription (OR=7.88, p<.001), binge drinking status (OR=1.75, p<.01), and college affiliation (OR=1.57, p<.05) all predicted NMUPO, while Greek-affiliation, gender, GPA, and ethnicity were not significant predictors.  Discussion: This study indicates that individual campus climate and associated factors may contribute to NMUPO, and health education efforts should be tailored to the individual institution. This public health issue can be combatted through targeted education programs that inform young adults about risks and common misconceptions of NMUPO. Future studies should further explore intrinsic factors such as religious affiliation and place attachment.

Learning Areas:

Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Program planning
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Identify predictors of prescription opioid misuse in college students. Discuss future approaches to prescription drug misuse programming on college campuses.

Keyword(s): College Students, Drug Abuse

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a second year doctoral student who specializes in college student health research.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.