Regional Differences in HIV-Related Stigma among African American Adolescents in the Northeastern & Southeastern US
Methods: Baseline data (N=1,606) from an HIV prevention intervention were used to investigate regional and sex differences in HIV-related stigma and knowledge among African-American adolescents (age 14-17 years) in four midsized cities in the Northeastern and Southeastern US. Analysis of variance determined differences in HIV-related stigma and HIV-related knowledge by region and gender.
Results: Analyses indicated greater HIV-related stigma among adolescents from the southeast relative to adolescents from the northeast (F=22.23;p<0.0001). Males demonstrated higher stigma scores than females (F=30.94;p<0.0001). Knowledge scores were higher for females (F=13.9,p<0.01) but there were no significant differences by region (F=3.2,p<0.07). Linear regression indicated a negative relationship between HIV stigma and HIV knowledge (b=-0.65;p<0.0001).
Conclusions: Addressing HIV/AIDS in high prevalence locales should include efforts to increase knowledge and reduce HIV-related stigma. Targeted stigma-reduction efforts should consider gender and region.
Learning Areas:Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences
Compare levels of HIV-related stigma among African American adolescents in two regions of the country.
Keyword(s): HIV/AIDS, African American
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have acquired federal funding and published on research to examine individual and structural factors that affect HIV risk among Black youth.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.