142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition

Annual Meeting Recordings are now available for purchase

Population health and the availability of primary prevention services in 3 NYC neighborhoods

142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition (November 15 - November 19, 2014): http://www.apha.org/events-and-meetings/annual
Wednesday, November 19, 2014 : 8:30 AM - 8:50 AM

Sean J. Haley, Ph.D., MPH , Department of Health and Nutrition Sciences, Brooklyn College & CUNY School of Public Health, Brooklyn, NY
Kimberly Libman, Ph.D., MPH , Department of Health and Nutrition Sciences, Brooklyn College, Brooklyn, NY

The ACA’s emphasis on clinical prevention, screening and population health has hastened the integration of traditional public health functions, which prioritize disease and injury prevention, with primary medical care services. These changes, in addition to ACA related increases in health services access, signal an opportunity to dramatically improve population health. However, in 2013, more than half of all funding dedicated to the Public Health and Prevention Trust Fund was spent on direct medical care or medical support services, not primary prevention. Increased screening, while important for disease detection, does little to reduce the incidence or prevalence of disease within or across populations. This project set out to train graduate students in community assessment methodologies to identify primary prevention activities in three neighborhoods of NYC using trained student teams. A local community health center selected the health focus area from the NY Prevention Agenda. Using a standard assessment tool, student teams will canvas the corresponding neighborhood (April, 2014) to identify evidence-based primary prevention activities provided through community-based organizations and schools. Primary prevention activities will be mapped against neighborhood disease prevalence using NYC data and the local health center's screening and treatment rates. Results from the study will identify the availability of primary prevention in a given neighborhood, offer opportunities to address primary prevention gaps and to improve population health. Findings will be shared with local leaders and others to foster community health planning.

Learning Areas:

Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related research
Systems thinking models (conceptual and theoretical models), applications related to public health

Learning Objectives:
Explain the conceptual framework underpinning the project Describe the methodologies used to conduct the community assessments and collect data Discuss the breadth, scope and depth of primary prevention activities and interventions identified within the three neighborhoods Identify opportunities to improve evidence based primary prevention to reduce disease incidence and to improve population health

Keyword(s): Prevention, Community Health Planning

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am the PI for the national assessment of the BHbusiness Project. I am also under contract with the Community Health Care Association of New York State to help develop their population health efforts. I am faculty at Brooklyn College and the CUNY School of Public Health. I am a former NIAAA trainee, completed a Post-Doc at Treatment Research Institute and have published in the area of substance abuse treatment quality.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.