142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition

Annual Meeting Recordings are now available for purchase

Placescapes and the Geography of Embodiment: A new paradigm for understanding place and health across the lifecourse

142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition (November 15 - November 19, 2014): http://www.apha.org/events-and-meetings/annual
Monday, November 17, 2014 : 1:00 PM - 1:15 PM

Ryan Petteway, MPH , School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA
BACKGROUND: The field of place-health research has grown rapidly in recent years. However, major conceptual and methodological challenges remain in defining “place”, characterizing place contexts, and measuring place—all of which have implications for place-health research, public health practice, and the design and implementation of place-based strategies. Of particular need is work capable of revealing: 1) spatially- and temporally-specific configurations of place-based exposures and opportunities, 2) perspectives and influences of place across generations and over the lifecourse, and 3) opportunities for action to address place exposures that adversely affect community health.

OBJECTIVE: Develop and field-test a place-health framework that: 1) accounts for the multi-nodal nature of “place” and its contingent spatial, temporal, and social inter-nodal connections/divisions; 2) elucidates and accounts for potential intergenerational and life-stage differences in place experiences/perceptions; and 3) explicitly engages the sociopolitical mechanisms/forces that make, unmake, and remake place over time—shaping spatiotemporal patterns and sociospatial arrangements of “place” exposures and opportunities.

APPROACH: A framework for a “placescape” approach was developed drawing from existent place-health, geography, and sociology literatures. This framework was then applied to an intergenerational CBPR/PAR study of place, embodiment, and health. Parent-child dyads were recruited from public housing and trained in 4 PAR methods: Photovoice, Activity Space Mapping, X-Ray Mapping, and Participatory GIS. Participants used this combination of methods to map their “placescapes” and their “geographies of embodiment”.

RESULTS: This presentation will introduce the “placescape” framework, discuss its theoretical/conceptual foundations and 7 core tenets in application, and discuss applications/implications for intergenerational place-health research/practice going forward.

Learning Areas:

Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Demonstrate knowledge of core conceptual and methodological challenges in studying place and health Discuss current limitations of place/health research in regards to life-stage and lifecourse concerns List and describe the 7 core tenets of a "Placescape" approach, and discuss its conceptual roots Discuss research and practice implications/applications for the "placescape", and identify the ways in which it can help improve understandings of place/health at different life-stages and across the lifecourse Identify applications for and describe the utility of information communication technologies in intergenerational research Describe a novel methodological approach to studying embodiment in place/health research

Keyword(s): Community-Based Research (CBPR), Community Health Assessment

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: My research focuses on integrating social epidemiology, CBPR/PAR, and ICT for the local and actionable study of place and health between and across generations. I developed and am the PI on the research project to be presented. I have extensive knowledge, training, and experience in applied social epidemiology and CBPR/PAR, as well as all methods used in this project (e.g. photovoice, participatory GIS).
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.