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Socio-Economics Characteristics of female-headed households with disabilities: 2009-2011 Puerto Rico Community Survey
Tuesday, November 18, 2014
Demographic changes indicate an increase in females as head of family in Puerto Rico. The quality of life of these females are affected when they experience disabilities and economic stress. It is found that 27% of females headed households in Puerto Rico has a disability. This descriptive study presents disability and socio-economic characteristics of the population of female heads of family in Puerto Rico using the Puerto Rico Community Survey. Objective: To describe socioeconomic characteristics of female headed household with disabilities in Puerto Rico during the period 2009-2011. Methods: A secondary analysis was done using the United States Census Bureau Puerto Rico Community Survey (2009-2011) Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) (n=82153). Frequency analysis was done for selected variables. Results: The female reported to experience hearing difficulty (18.9%), vision difficult (34.3%) and physical activity difficulties (61.2%). Related to educational variables, an 84.7% of females complete a high school degree and 15.3% more than high school. Related to family presence and children age of own, 5.7% of females has children under five and 26.8% have children from 5-17 years old. As a class of worker, 55% indicated to be employee of a private for profit/ nonprofit company, 35.4% in local government and 7.4% self-employed. Bivariate analysis between poverty index and age suggest poverty differences (p value <.0000) among 21-49 versus 50+ years old groups. Conclusion: These results suggest that social and economic status of female headed household in Puerto Rico with disability needs to be address when designing services for the disability population.
Diversity and culture
Describe socio-economics characteristics of female-headed households with disabilities in Puerto Rico during 2009-2011.
Keyword(s): Disabilities, Latinos
Presenting author's disclosure statement:
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I did a master degree in epidemiology and now I am a doctoral graduate student in Graduate School of Public Health at the University Of Puerto Rico. I was a student trainee at CDC in the disability area and have been working as research coordinator in the Institute on Developmental Disabilities in Puerto Ricoduring ten years.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines,
and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed
in my presentation.