142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition

Annual Meeting Recordings are now available for purchase

Preventing Alcohol and other drugs at the community-level in City of Palmdale, California: Using evidence-based practices & innovative data analysis tools to help inform AOD community-oriented, evidence-based prevention strategies

142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition (November 15 - November 19, 2014): http://www.apha.org/events-and-meetings/annual
Wednesday, November 19, 2014 : 9:30 AM - 9:50 AM

Ricardo Contreras, MPH, MA , Substance Abuse Prevention and Control, Los Angeles County Department of Public Health, Alhambra, CA
Maria Estrada, RN, PHN, BSN, MPH , Antelope Valley Health Center-SPA 1 & 2, L.A. County Department of Public Health, Lancaster, CA
Christine Oh, Ph.D. , Epidemiology, Science and Evaluation Division, Substance Abuse Prevention and Control, Alhambra, CA
Michelle Gibson, MPH , Prevention Division, Los Angeles County Public Health Department, Alhambra, CA
Early alcohol drinking onset has a potential impact on health and social issues such as violent crime, motor vehicle crashes, early onset of sexual activity, increased school drop-out rates, and premature death. A community-based collaborative between the Los Angeles County Public Health Department and a non-governmental agency was set up to create alcohol risk-free zones around schools, and help guide community-based advocacy in the city of Palmdale, California.  A retrospective, spatial pattern analysis for alcoholic beverage control license violations among 134 alcohol outlets revealed several risk patterns for outlets located within one mile from public schools.  The distribution of outlets and schools was as follows: ZIP code 93550 had 62 (of 134) outlets (46.27%) and the majority of schools (n=25, 56.81 %); ZIP code 93551 had 61 outlets (45.52%) and 9 schools (20.45 %); and ZIP code 93552 had 11 outlets (8.21%) and 10 schools (22.72%). Bivariate associations between the number of schools and alcohol outlet count (by ZIP code) showed a linear fit between them (R square=0.72, F ratio =17.83; p<0.05 alpha level). GIS analysis showed that ABC license violations for the period 2005-2010 were clustered in non-random “hot spots” in ZIP code 93550.  The total number of cumulative violations in that ZIP code was 30 (out of 44), or 68 % of all ABC license violations reported.  This collaborative is now guiding community-based advocacy that can help influence city policy to curb alcohol sales to minors & reduce substance abuse in that city.

Learning Areas:

Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related laws, regulations, standards, or guidelines
Public health or related nursing
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
Demonstrate a community-based environmental assessment related to Alcohol and Other Drugs (AOD) community-based prevention strategies in City of Palmdale, California. Describe evidence-based prevention interventions that have the potential of influencing City of Palmdale, California, AOD policy at the city council level. Discuss challenges and potential solutions encountered when developing AOD-related prevention strategies to win the buy-in of a city council. Describe public health or related laws, regulations, standards, and other evidence-based prevention practices used to develop community-based prevention policies that have the potential of helping curb AOD exposures in a local context (City of Palmdale, California). Analyze and describe California Alcoholic Beverage Control License Violation data, California Highway Patrol (CHP) alcohol related collisions data and Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department Crime Data in order to help inform City of Palmdale community-based AOD prevention strategies.

Keyword(s): Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Alcohol Use

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am the primary/lead researcher who has collected and conducted the data analyses (including the GIS analysis) used to inform the community-based agency and the Los Angeles County Community Liaison collaborative work, both located in City of Palmdale, California, in their community-oriented prevention/ advocacy efforts to help curb alcohol and other drugs community-level exposure in that city.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.