Preventing Falls and Injuries through Physical Activity in Middle-Aged Adults
Methods: Using data from the 2010 U.S. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey, we examined the number of adults age 45 and older who self-reported their fall experience in the previous 3-months and any injuries that resulted from those falls. Outcome measures included: 1) frequency of falls in the 3-months prior to the survey interview date; and 2) the number of injuries resulting from these falls.
Results/Outcomes: Of 340,680 participants age 45 and older, 70.7% reported engaging in LTPA, while 17% reported one or more falls. Among participants who fell, 25.6% experienced one injury from the fall, while 8.4% reported two or more injuries. Controlling for socio-demographic and health characteristics, middle-aged adults (age 45-54) who engaged in LTPA were significantly less likely to report more than one fall (Odds Ratio:0.70; 95%CI:[0.69-0.71]) and significantly less likely to report an injury from the fall (0.81;[0.80-0.82]) than middle-aged adults who did not exercise.
Conclusion: Similar to older adults, middle-aged adults who engage in LTPA are significantly more likely to report fewer falls and fall-related injuries.
Public health or related research
Compare the frequency of falls and injuries resulting from a fall between older (65 and older) and middle-aged adults (45-64). Describe the association between leisure-time physical activity and self-reported falls in middle-aged adults.
Keyword(s): Physical Activity, Aging
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: Ted Courtney, M.S., CSP, is Director of the Center for Injury Epidemiology at the Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety in Hopkinton, MA. He is also Instructor in Injury, Safety and Ergonomics at the Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA. Ted has received considerable scientific recognition for his falls research and is Associate Editor of Accident Analysis and Prevention and an editorial board member of the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
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