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Public health practice and public health research during emergency response
Monday, November 17, 2014
: 11:00 AM - 11:15 AM
Prior to and during emergency events, public health agencies routinely collect and analyze identifiable health information to perform a number of public health activities including public health surveillance, outbreak investigations, program evaluations, community health assessments, and population-based clinical care. Emergency response activities tend to be characterized as public health practice, or non-research, because these projects are undertaken to identify, characterize, and solve an immediate health problem and the knowledge gained will directly benefit those participants involved in the investigation or their communities. Actionable information collected by public health agencies to guide response, while essential, has been insufficient to answer a broad range of research questions during past emergency events. When the benefits from data collection activity accrue to persons affected by future incidents (e.g., assessing the effectiveness of types of evacuation recommendations in influencing decision-making), the public health activity might have a research component. To ensure research activities that yield information not immediately pertinent to the event response are a prudent public health investment, public health research should address clearly articulated, important questions or hypotheses and be appropriately designed to maximize the likelihood of producing meaningful results. This presentation will discuss the essential characteristics of public health practice and public health research and the factors and decision-making processes relevant to determining whether to conduct public health research during a response and, if so, how CDC response activities can provide a platform for subsequent research efforts.
Provision of health care to the public
Public health or related research
discuss the essential characteristics of public health practice and public health research and the factors and decision-making processes relevant to determining whether to conduct public health research during a response and if so, how CDC response activities can provide a platform for subsequent research efforts.
Keyword(s): Disasters, Public Health Research
Presenting author's disclosure statement:
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: Dr. Sam Groseclose is Associate Director for Science and Public Health Practice in the Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (OPHPR) at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). He leads the Office of Science and Public Health Practice which coordinates and promotes the activities of the OPHPR Board of Scientific Counselors and the OPHPR Extramural Research Program and fosters the application of science to improve public health practice in preparedness and response.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines,
and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed
in my presentation.