Women & Children of Bhopal: Thirty years after the gas disaster
Methods: A cohort study is being conducted comparing four groups (5,000 families in each group): (1) controls (2) exposed to MIC in 1984, (3) exposed to contaminated water and (4) exposed to MIC and contaminated water, to determine pregnancy outcome, incidence of birth defects in the progeny, etc.
Results: The analysis of data will provide new evidence concerning the health impacts of a single exposure to MIC or prolonged exposure to contaminated water or both, compared to controls. We hope to shed light on long-term mortality in the cohort, pregnancy outcomes, incidence of birth defects and prevalence of other diseases.
Conclusion: The cohort study will provide new information on the long-term effects of the gas disaster and long-term exposure to chemicals from the Union carbide factory.
Learning Areas:Basic medical science applied in public health
Environmental health sciences
Provision of health care to the public
Describe the Bhopal disaster and the health effects on women and children in affected population in Bhopal. Discuss the multi-systemic nature of health consequences. Identify strategies by which health care providers and institutions can understand and mitigate the impacts of disaster-related illness.
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have collaborated with Sambhavna Trust Clinic; it provides free medical treatment to the victims of the Bhopal Gas accident. I, along with my co-authors developed the research protocols, monitored the data collection and did the analysis of the cohort study. I have conducted research in Bhopal since 2001 and published two papers with them in academic journals.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.