142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition

Annual Meeting Recordings are now available for purchase

Modeling the probability of a vehicle-bicycle hit-and-run

142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition (November 15 - November 19, 2014): http://www.apha.org/events-and-meetings/annual
Monday, November 17, 2014

Dahianna Lopez, RN, MSN, MPH, (PhD Student) , Harvard Injury Control Research Center, Harvard University, Boston, MA
Purpose:  Understanding bicycle-vehicle collisions that result in hit-and-run behavior is an important concern for both law enforcement and public health. If bicyclists are injured, this issue has implications for expedient access to medical care and for protection from the financial burden of associated medical costs. This study aimed to identify significant predictors of a hit-and-run, the results of which can potentially inform deterrence interventions for this type of crime. Method: Data were collected from Boston Police bicycle crash reports for 2009-2012. The data identified whether a crash was a hit-and-run and other predictor variables including road and bicyclist characteristics. The probability of a hit-and-run was fit to selected variables through logistic regression models. Best-fitting models were selected through likelihood ratio chi-squared tests comparing nested models.  Effects of the predictors were reported as odds ratios. Results: Of the1626 bike-vehicle collisions, 6% (n=93) resulted in a hit-and-run and 75% (n=70) of this subset involved an injury to the bicyclist.  Controlling for other variables, the odds of a hit-and-run were 0.38 (95% CI: 0.17, 0.87) times larger on weekends versus weekdays and 1.71 (95% CI: 1.11, 2.63) larger during daylight hours. The odds of a hit-and-run for appearing injured compared to not appearing injured among females were 3.73 times as large as the odds of a hit-and-run for appearing injured compared to not appearing injured among males. Conclusion: The probability of a hit-and-run depends on gender and perceived injury status. Findings may have implications for interventions aimed at preventing this type of crime.

Learning Areas:

Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Environmental health sciences
Public health or related education
Public health or related public policy
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
Identify significant predictors of a vehicle-bicycle hit-and-run. Discuss the challenges with collecting and analyzing hit-and-run data.

Keyword(s): Criminal Justice, Transportation

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have conducted research on bicycle and pedestrian injuries in San Francisco and Boston. I have work experience in injury prevention, surveillance, and policy and am currently training in evaluation science and statistics at the PhD level.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.