Bullying and Suicidal Behaviors among Middle School Adolescents: Does Reporting Bullying Impact the Suicidal Behaviors?
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 6th - 8th grade adolescents (n=581) using a modified Middle School Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS). The modified YRBS instrument included questions on demographics, health risk behaviors, suicidal behaviors and bullying. The questions on bullying included whether the adolescents had told anyone about being bullied and whether the reporting made bullying better, worse or made no difference.
Results: Overall, 50.3% (n=292) of the sample were male and 87.8% (n=510) were white. Twenty-two percent, 13.0%, and 9.0% reported suicide ideation, planning, and attempt, respectively. Twenty-six percent of the bullied adolescents indicated that reporting bullying made it better while 22.0% indicated reporting made it worse. Adolescents who indicated that reporting bullying made it better had 1.95 (95% confidence interval (95% CI): 0.89-4.23), 1.99 (0.76-5.20), and 3.16 (0.92-10.87) odds of suicide ideation, planning, and attempt than those not bullied. Those who indicated reporting bullying made it worse had 6.00 (2.96-12.15), 4.70 (2.05-10.78), and 11.10 (3.98-30.97) odds of suicide ideation, planning, and attempt than those not bullied.
Conclusions: Reporting bullying significantly increased the odds of suicidal behaviors among middle school adolescents when reporting it led to an increase in bullying experienced by the adolescents.
Learning Areas:Advocacy for health and health education
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Public health or related education
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences
Describe the relationship between bullying and suicidal behaviors among middle school adolescents. Discuss the role of reporting bullying on suicidal behaviors among middle school adolescents.
Keyword(s): Adolescents, Suicide
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a trained epidemiologist with appropriate training and experience. I conceived and conducted the study, analyzed the data and interpreted the study finding
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.