142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition

Annual Meeting Recordings are now available for purchase

Childhood Obesity: Psychosocial factors influencing the use of sugar sweetened beverages in preschoolers

142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition (November 15 - November 19, 2014): http://www.apha.org/events-and-meetings/annual
Monday, November 17, 2014 : 1:35 PM - 1:45 PM

Julia Anne Tipton , Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center School of Nursing New Orleans, Louisiana, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center School of Nursing, New Orleans, LA
Non-Hispanic black children consume greater amounts of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and are at disproportionately high risk for obesity and other SSB-related health problems. The purpose of this correlational study was to determine the ability the Expanded Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) to explain caregivers’ intention to serve sugar-sweetened beverages to non-Hispanic black preschoolers. A sample of 165 caregivers of low-income non-Hispanic black children preschoolers residing in the New Orleans metropolitan area completed a written questionnaire. Multiple regression with path analysis confirmed the relationships of past behavior, attitude and subjective norm, but not perceived behavioral control (PBC) with intention. Behavioral and normative beliefs had indirect effects on intention and direct effects on attitude and subjective norm. Control beliefs had neither a significant indirect effect on intention nor a significant direct effect on perceived behavioral control. After removing PBC, the model accounted for 58.7% of variance in intention. Believing there are no major disadvantages associated with daily SSB consumption was the most significant predictor of positive attitude towards serving SSBs to preschoolers. Parents of young children and doctors both significantly predicted subjective norm. Nurses and other health care professionals can use these findings to tailor behaviorally-based obesity prevention programs at the individual, family, and community-based levels.

Learning Areas:

Public health or related nursing
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
Discuss the research on the consumption of sugar sweetened beverage's effects on children. Identify one way to taylor obesity programs to the individual, famil amd community.

Keyword(s): Research, Obesity

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: Teaches Child Health Nursing and Research in Nursing LSUHSC. Her research interests include is sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and obesity prevention among youth. Has worked in the child health setting since 1987 and has taughtsince 1995. She is currently a member of the Southern Nurses Research Society. Active in the Society of Pediatric Nurses and is involved local community organizations that promote quality of life and safety in New Orleans.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.