142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition

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3133.0
Understanding and Building Resilience for Healthier Communities

142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition (November 15 - November 19, 2014): http://www.apha.org/events-and-meetings/annual
Monday, November 17, 2014: 10:30 AM - 12:00 PM
Oral
Community resilience is a promising new field of public health that adheres to the principles of community-based asset development by focusing on what makes communities able to survive and thrive in the face of adversity and threats. Understanding and building resilience of individuals has long been an emphasis within the field of psychology, and more recently, community-level resilience has been the focus of efforts to rebuild the structural and social aspects of community life after a natural disaster. In this session, we will present lessons learned from post-disaster efforts, as well as current applications of these models to other community-level threats to health and well-being such as violence, disadvantage, and stress. We will start by presenting results of a systematic cross-disciplinary literature review of community resilience theory and evidence that was ground-truthed in focus groups with West Philadelphia community leaders and residents. Next, we will hear about the state of community resilience efforts in public health, including RANDís community resilience project. Then we will hear lessons learned from New Orleans-based efforts to build community resilience post-Katrina. Panelists from New Haven will share successes of grassroots community resilience teams focusing on reducing gun violence. Lastly, we will hear about efforts to build the resilience of community leaders in Southwest Philadelphia, to support the psychosocial well-being of the natural helpers in low-income, high-stress communities. This session will address frameworks and efforts of community residents and leaders actively strengthening community resilience to ensure that where they live supports every residentís health and well-being.
Session Objectives: Describe the history, cross-disciplinary theoretical frameworks and empirical evidence, and community perspectives on community resilience as applied to health and healthy neighborhood environments. (2) Discuss how community-level public health threats such as violence exposure, chronic disadvantage, and resource-poor neighborhood environments prevent communities from supporting every residentís health and well-being.
Moderator:
Amy Carroll-Scott, PhD, MPH

11:15am
Community Resilience Teams: Leveraging Social Cohesion to Address Gun Violence in New Haven Neighborhoods
Carley Riley, MD, MPP, Brita Roy, MD, MPH, Mark Abraham, Ann Greene, Nurit Harari, MD, MHS, Georgina Lucas, MSW, Robyn Porter, Marjorie S. Rosenthal, MD, MPH, Jerry Smart, Teresa Smith Hines, MSHS, Stacy Spell, Barbara Tinney, MSW, Anita Vashi, MD, MHS, Pina Violano, MSPH, RN-BC, CCRN, CPS-T, Maurice Williams and Emily Wang, MD, MAS
11:30am
Understanding How to Support and Build Resilience within Community Leaders
Nicole A. Vaughn, PhD, Carey Davis, D.Min, Crystal Wyatt and Sandra Bloom, MD

See individual abstracts for presenting author's disclosure statement and author's information.

Organized by: Community Health Planning and Policy Development
Endorsed by: Injury Control and Emergency Health Services, Public Health Nursing, Public Health Social Work, Community-Based Public Health Caucus

CE Credits: Medical (CME), Health Education (CHES), Nursing (CNE), Public Health (CPH) , Masters Certified Health Education Specialist (MCHES)