Adolescents with food allergy: The good, the bad and the beautiful
Methods: Between June 2014 and January 2015, a web-based survey was administered to 192 adolescents with food allergy (14-22 years old). Participants were recruited electronically through food allergy organizations. Survey questions assessed food allergy history, reactions, support and risk assessment.
Results: Over half of participants (56.6%) reported previously experiencing anaphylaxis. 13% of adolescents do not carry an epinephrine auto-injector, with 68% of this group claiming this is because they do not believe their allergy is severe enough to cause a reaction. Only 10.3% of students claim their classmates know what to do in an emergency. Adolescents reported that female friends are the most supportive of their food allergy, with 81.2% of female friends being credited with support, compared to only 64% of male friends. A high number of adolescents credit their food allergy with teaching them to become more responsible (88.5%) and making them a better advocate of themselves and of others (71.4%).
Conclusions: Improving peer support and awareness for food allergic adolescents is needed. However, it is important to note that living with a food allergy helps develop responsibility and empathy in these adolescents.
Learning Areas:Chronic disease management and prevention
Public health or related education
Social and behavioral sciences
Identify positive factors related to risk-taking in adolescents and young adults with food allergy through an online survey. Identify negative factors related to risk-taking in adolescents and young adults with food allergy through an online survey.
Keyword(s): Food Safety, Adolescents
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a research assistant on this project.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.