Risk Factors for Self-Inflicted Injury Inform Prevention and Treatment in Orange County
This study examined both emergency department and hospitalization data for Orange County residents between 2009 and 2011. During this period, there were nearly 9,000 incidents of intentional self-harm injury, which equated to nearly 2,800 cases each year. The majority of those cases were from poisoning/overdose (65%), followed by cutting or piercing (24%). Of those admitted, nearly 80% (n=3,574 of 4,516) were diagnosed to have a mental illness, and 9.3% of all self-harm incidents were lethal (n=835). Those most at risk of self-harm included females, young adults 18 to 24 years of age, followed by adolescents 10 to 17 years old. Compared to other racial/ethnic groups, non-Hispanic whites tended to have the highest number of incidents and rates across nearly all age groups.
This study will help guide the Health Care Agency’s Prevention and Early Intervention programs, which are funded through the Mental Health Services Act, to better identify and treat those most at risk for self-harm behavior.
Learning Areas:Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences
List the potential risk factors that contribute to intentional self-harm behavior. Identify potential prevention and/or treatment efforts necessary to reduce intentional self-harm behavior and injury.
Keyword(s): Mental Health
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been conducting health and mental-health related research for over ten years with the OC Health Care Agency. I have been the lead researcher and first author on several studies that investigated the leading causes of self-harm and suicide in our county.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.