Online Program

Building Social Capital for the Prevention of Malnutrition: The Nutrition Security Program in Haiti

Tuesday, November 3, 2015 : 3:22 p.m. - 3:35 p.m.

Altrena Mukuria, DrPH, Partners of the Americas, Baltimore, MD
Jutile Loiseau, MD, Partners of the Americas/Nutrition Security Program, Port au Prince, Haiti
Gaetane Blanc, Partners of the Americas/Nutrition Security Program, Port au Prince, Haiti
Yves-Laurent Regis, Partners of the Americas/Nutrition Security Program, Haiti, Haiti
Carl Rahmaan, Partners of the Americas/Haiti Nutrition Program, Port au Prince, Haiti
Research has shown that social capital is positively associated with child nutrition. How best to harness social capital in low resource settings needs to be demonstrated.  In Haiti where high rates of poverty and malnutrition impede development, the USAID-funded Nutrition Security Program (NSP) is conducting behavior change interventions and providing livelihoods support by expanding community structures in 14 communes in two regions.  With 26.9% of the residents having no education and 33% only primary education, an empowering community-based approach is needed to addresses nutrition-inhibiting social norms.  Prior to full implementation, a baseline survey indicated that 80% of the residents were not members of any community group. Collaborating with the Ministry of Public Health, NSP is taking a comprehensive approach to engage a broad spectrum of the community. To date, 153 Care Groups were established, including 1,641 volunteer mother leaders who reach out to 18,365 neighbor women. 75 grandmother groups of 755 elder women; 79 fathers’ groups of over 800 men; and 83 youth groups of more than 800 young people are being exposed to nutrition, health and sanitation information and education.  NSP empowers communities to better access local health services and amenities. Families can diversify their diets from food accessed through community seed nurseries and goat breeding stations.  NSP engages groups in livelihood activities to improve household resources for health and nutrition.  Social capital provides pathways for diffusing information, providing social support and building a sense of community to collectively address nutrition and health of mothers and children. 

Learning Areas:

Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Diversity and culture
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Describe the use of social capital for improved nutritional outcomes of mothers and children in resource poor settings.

Keyword(s): Nutrition, International MCH

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am the Sr. Technical Advisor who designed and provides technical direction to the implementation of the Nutrition Security Program being presented. Among my areas of interest are nutrition and social and behavior health with particular emphasis on family-centered approaches.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.

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